Most popular go to Zeya to see the papermaking tec

2022-07-26
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Go to Zeya to see the papermaking technique in the work of nature

cut moso bamboo into thin rods and soak them in water until they soften and rot

paper farmers fish for paper in front of the water tank

Zeya, a town under the jurisdiction of Wenzhou, is located in the northwest corner of Wenzhou City. Like other places in Zhejiang, Zeya is also famous for its green mountains, green waters, waterfalls and flowing springs. It is a good place to enjoy the cool in the summer. But in addition to the natural scenery, Zeya actually has another attraction

on the way to Zeya scenic spot, the sound of wooden pile beating is heard constantly, mixed with the sound of gurgling water in the canyon, which seems to have an extraordinarily rhythmic rhythm. On the other side of the road, four simple and old brick huts and water tankers overturned day and night suddenly appeared. Even across the canyon, you can still clearly see the green moss on the roof tiles. It is not a mountain family, but a paper mill built by mountain people using Zeya's rich water resources

During the Xuanhe period of Song Dynasty, many Fujian people moved to Zeya to avoid the war. It is rich in Moso bamboo, which can be used as raw materials for papermaking. With abundant water flow, it is the natural resource for papermaking technology. Therefore, these Fujian ancestors simply took root in Zeya and started their old business. It has gradually become the hometown of papermaking. However, the name of paper follows from Nanping, the hometown of these Fujian people, so it is called Nanping Paper

the bamboo forests on both sides of Zeya mountain area are flourishing, dense, inexhaustible and swaying with the wind. The villagers cut the bamboo into thin rods, soaked them in water until they softened or even rotted, and then sent them to the workshop for mashing

climb down the dirt road beside the highway, climb over the boulders in the canyon, and you can directly go to the workshop on the opposite bank. The four workshops were built according to the mountain trend and decreased in turn. When draining water, each workshop will form a small waterfall

the location of the workshop is very particular. It is usually close to the river bank. Only when the water flow is large and there is a high and low drop, and the water potential is sufficient, can the water pestle be promoted. The river flows down and drives the waterwheel to roll. The old man drains water for the second man and the third man drains water for the fourth man. It is a model of multi-purpose water. The cost of the water pestle is relatively expensive. One needs 10000 yuan, while the local per capita output value is only 2000 to 5000 yuan per year. Generally speaking, several families share one pestle. According to the local custom: after the son gets married, as long as his family is a little better off, most of them live separately. And once the family is separated, they can no longer muddle through their parents' shares. Otherwise, they will add more shares and break everyone's rules. Therefore, especially poor families often do not divide their families for the sake of pestle. This shows that the water pestle occupies an important position in the local traditional life

bamboo paper

the waterwheel rolls to drive the tamping stick to strike up and down, and the paper farmer puts the soft bamboo thin strips under the tamping stick to hit them hard and become debris. In the simple workshop, yellow chips were flying, and moso bamboo pieces were continuously added and stirred with wooden sticks to make them bear the force evenly. The waterwheel is old. It seems that it will stop suddenly when it turns. With the sonorous sound of mortar pounding, it is as long and dense as the sound of time passing, which makes the valley more quiet

these four workshops are collectively called Silian DUI. They have a long history, and are located on both sides of the canyon. They form a harmonious and quiet picture with the green mountains on both sides. In addition, they are still playing the role of ramming paper through the vicissitudes of life. Therefore, they are designated as national key cultural relics protection units. As visitors continue to visit, passers-by will also stop to take a look. However, the paper farmers continue their original days day after day, turning a blind eye to the curious eyes of the visitors, focusing only on the Yellow debris under the wooden pestle, and the tourists' various discussions and exclamations are easily drowned by the continuous mortar pounding

the accuracy is not easy to guarantee. How can the debris turn into paper? In several villages in Zeya Town, almost every household has a sink. The Yellow powdery debris is poured into the water. As soon as it is stirred, it will tumble in the water and float to the surface. The paper-shaped grate is immersed in the water for salvage. The Yellow debris is adsorbed on the grate to form a thin piece of paper. A thin rod is installed on the grate. Once it is collected inward, the paper will fall off the grate. The paper farmer's action 3. Specific requirements for the use of the clip: it is extremely skillful and can be done at one go. At first glance, I thought that people were standing in front of the sink weaving! There is a stack of wet paper beside the sink, piled high, which is the result of the hard work of the paper farmers all day. It is reported that the paper is about half a foot wide and two feet long. If it is piled up to a height of one meter, it can be sold to a paper merchant for 42 yuan

take advantage of the fine weather, put these wet papers in the fields and mountains to dry. If they are large-scale papers, they will be hung on wooden poles as if they were dressed in the wind and the sun. At the peak of production, the mountains and fields are covered with yellow paper. It flies with the wind and is spectacular. It has become a golden paper mountain

the papermaking method in "nature opens things"

there is a Quxi town ten miles away from the two ends of Zeya spline, through which Zeya paper is marketed in East China. After landing in Shanghai in the 1940s, it was once expanded to Shandong, Jiangsu, Fujian, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and other places. Those with better paper can be used to practice brush writing, which is commonly known as rough edged paper. Those with less paper can be used to make Ming coins, that is, tin foil paper used in Jiangnan folk. No wonder when I learned to make tin foil gold ingots from my grandmother when I was a child, I often found that there were irregularities in the tin foil paper. It turned out that the wet paper scraps were unevenly distributed when the paper farmers fished the paper in the paper trough. After drying, the thickness was different and not flat enough

with the development of mechanical technology and the need to protect water quality, this traditional hand-made papermaking technology has gradually shrunk, and only remains in Zeya mountain area. Workshops such as siliandui are the only ones left, which is really a national treasure. Just like the current situation, it has something to do with the remoteness of Zeya. The dynasties outside the mountain have changed, and it has been abandoned several times. In the mountain, paper farmers still make paper together, and hand it over to the paper merchants who buy it in the mountain. According to historical records, zhou'ao, the West Bank, shuiduikeng, Cuan Keng, tangzhai, Lin Cuan, Wufeng Cuan and other villages subordinate to Zeya were all engaged in papermaking. From the calendar, Ming and Qing Dynasties to the 1930s, there were nearly 100000 paper farmers, accounting for about 80% of the local population. There were more than 1800 shuidui and more than 10000 paper tanks. Now, only four water tankers are rolling day and night, silently telling passers-by the hard work and hardships of paper farmers, and witnessing the glory and prosperity of Zeya paper industry

researchers from the China Paper Museum once visited Zeya and found that this paper-making technology is exactly the same as the records of paper-making technology in Song Yingxing's Tiangong Kaiwu, so they praised this place as a living fossil of Chinese paper-making technology. "Heavenly works create things" is a Song Dynasty book! After a thousand years, I can still witness it with my own eyes

the paper farmers are full of affection for paper. They not only say that paper is food, clothing and money, but also say that it is made of paper one by one, although it is tiring to do paper work. Water pestle pits, paper workshops, bamboo curtains for fishing paper and the hard-working figures of paper farmers, together with green bamboos and clear streams, reflect modern people's meditation on ancient Chinese culture. The value of paper here is traditional. As for the emerging tourism economy, what brilliant future will this ancient manual work bring to them? They haven't considered this

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